The Intel is a direct memory access (DMA) controller, a part of the MCS 85 microprocessor family. The chip is supplied in pin DIP package. Direct memory access basics, DMA Controller with internal block diagram and mode words. DMA slave and master mode operation. Direct memory access with DMA controller / Suppose any device which is connected at input-output port wants to transfer data to transfer data to.

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These are the active-low and high inactive DMA acknowledge lines, microproceszor updates the peripheral requesting device service about the status of their request by the CPU. These lines can also act as strobe lines for the requesting devices.

It is specially designed by Intel for data transfer at the highest speed. As seen in the above diagram these are the four individual asynchronous channel DMA request inputs, which are used by the peripheral devices to obtain DMA services.

When the rotating priority mode is selected, then DRQ0 will get the highest priority and DRQ3 will get the lowest priority among them.

Intel – Wikipedia

These are bidirectional, data lines which help to interface the system bus with the internal data bus of DMA controller. In the Slave mode, microprocessof words are carried to and status words from In the master mode, the lines which are used to send higher byte of the generated address are sent to the latch.

It is an active-low bidirectional tri-state input line, which helps to read the internal registers of by the CPU in the Slave mode. In the master mode, it also helps in reading the data from the peripheral devices during a memory write cycle.


In the master mode, it is used to load the data to the peripheral devices during DMA memory read cycle. These are the four least significant address lines. In the slave mode, they perform as an input, which selects one of the registers to be read or written. In the master mode, they are the outputs which contain four least significant memory address output lines produced by It is an active-low chip select line.

It is an active-high asynchronous input signal, which helps DMA to make ready by inserting wait states. This signal helps to receive the hold request signal sent from the output device. In the slave mode, it is connected with a DRQ input line It is the hold acknowledgement signal which indicates the DMA controller that the bus has been granted to the requesting peripheral by the CPU when it is set to 1.

It is the low memory read signal, which is used to read the data from the addressed memory locations during DMA read cycles. It is the active-low three state signal which is used to write the data to the addressed memory location during DMA write operation. This signal is used to convert the higher byte of the memory address generated by the DMA controller into the latches.

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