Embed: Artists Chiquinha Gonzaga. Release. $ Length ; Released ; BPM ; Key G maj; Genre Big Room; Label Novoson SL. Composer and musician Chiquinha Gonzaga, born Francisca Edwiges “ Atraente” was called a polka when it was first published in 14 nov. Stream Chiquinha Gonzaga – Atraente (Alexandre Dias, piano) by Alexandre Dias 4 from desktop or your mobile device.

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In Mayit was enacted the law establishing the National Day of Brazilian Popular Music, celebrated on the day of her birthday. Chiquinha Gonzaga was born in Rio de Janeiro, from a mestizo mother and a wealthy white father — after she was born her father became a marshal. For her mother, a mestizo and poor woman, the birth of Chiquinha was a very difficult, in part because of the risk that the father would not recognize the paternity of her daughter.

Despite these atraaente, he accepted the child as his daughter and married. Like all girls of a military family in the 19th century, Chiquinha Gonzaga was very well educated.

Her father, very strict with her education,prepared her for a successful future: She learned to read and write, do maths and primarily play the piano. Therefore, the music became her sole purpose in life. At age 11, she composed her first musical work. In Brazil in the late 19th century, women were often seen on a quasi role of slave; few dared to defy their parents and husbands; when that happened, they were quickly sent to reformatories and convents.

However, since with the arrival of the Royal Family in Brazilwomen began to circulate more in the streets, dancing in receptions, to come to parties at theater and opera. Rio de Janeiro in those times was already turning into a metropolitan center, gradually growing according to the development of external trade. The usages and consumption were modified.

The port of Rio de Janeiro became the financial and commercial center of the Empirewhich were trading coffee, slaves and foreign goods that fascinated the new consumers. The city now had the appearance of a European city. Even with all these social changes, manners were not so advanced. For the young Chiquinha, nothing had changed, she always obeyed the orders of her father.


Jacinto do Amareal was chosen by her father to marry Chiquinha even though she had expressed her disagreement with this arranged marriage. Unable to withstand the life on the ship where her husband served and where he spent more time than with his familyhis psychological and physical abuses and humiliation, because he did chiquinhx agree that she would pursue a musical career, Chiquinha leaves her husband and asks for the divorce, a scandal at the time.

Her husband, however, did not let Chiquinha take her younger children: As Chiquinha could not accept his extra-marital betrayals, she splits and again loses a daughter. They fell in love but the chiuinha difference was too large and would cause more prejudice and suffering in the life of Chiquinha. She was 52 years old and John the Baptist, has only Chiquinha adopted him as a son, in order to be able to live this great love. This decision was taken to avoid the scandals regarding her own children and the society of the time, and to not affect her brilliant career.

After a few years, the couple atraeente to Brazil without arousing any suspicions to be living as husband and wife. After separating from her husband, Chiquinha lived as an independent musician, playing piano in music instrument stores.

She was devoted entirely chiwuinha her music, which was very successful, as her career grew atraaente she became very famous as a composer of polkas, waltzes, tangos and ditties. The need to adjust the piano sound to popular taste are the reason of Chiquinha Gonzaga’s glory to become the first popular composer of Brazil.

At that time, she was famous but highly criticized by the masculine society of her time. After the success of her first printed composition, she decided to start to do vaudeville and revue.


Chiquinha Gonzaga

Between andChiquinha travelled through Europe, becoming particularly famous in Portugal, where she wrote songs for various authors. At that time, Chiquinha was already very famous but very criticized by the society of her time. This episode was considered a scandal at the time, with critics against the government, the life at the palace, the promotion and dissemination of music whose origins were in “vulgar” dances, contrary to the values of the aristocratic social elite.

Playing Brazilian popular music in the palace of the Brazilian Government was regarded at the time as a violation of the protocol, which caused controversy in the upper echelons of society and politicians. Because of this episode, Chiquinha Nair end up losing touch.


Chiquinha Gonzaga – Wikipedia

Chiquinha was also the founder of the Brazilian Society of Theater Authors. At the end of her life, she composed music for 77 theater plays and was the author of about two thousand compositions in different genres: Many times, she has a leading position for chiquinga suffragist movement.

On 17 Octoberto commemorate what would have been her st birthday, Google released a Google Doodle celebrating her. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This name uses Portuguese naming customs. The first or maternal family name is Neves and the second or paternal family name is Gonzaga. Rio de JaneiroEmpire chiqiinha Brazil.

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In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 1 Decemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Chiquinha Gonzaga at age Problems playing this file? Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chiquinha Gonzaga.