Interessada na maneira como se reconstituiu a história da ditadura militar, e na memória que dela se tem pela voz de suas vítimas, Beatriz Sarlo analisa neste. SARLO Beatriz. Tempo Passado – Free download as PDF File .pdf) or view presentation slides online. Tempo Passado – Cultura Da Memória E Guinada Subjetiva (Em Portuguese do Brasil) by Beatriz Sarlo at – ISBN – ISBN

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. The National Civil Rights Archive in order to comment aspects related this place to memory, subjectivism, and identity. These intellectuals are important to this work due to the fact that they performed studies related to subjectivism, nationalism, archive, and history. The reason I have chosen The Museum of Free Derry as my object of study is that after having concluded my master degree thesis, which consists of a study of Reading in the Dark, an auto-biographical novel by Seamus Deane, in the light of recent ideas regarding the redefinition of the concept of Northern Irish identity, I had the opportunity to visit Derry and the museum.

And, although this part of history can be seen from different perspectives, this one has its own legitimacy. These men have lived in the Bogside and have experienced the conflict, so they have registered the events they have seen for the last thirty years. It is impossible for governments to prohibit their people of telling their past, even though when these governments are totalitarian, because the silence is more apparent than real.

As long as people are alive, they will keep telling their histories.

For a long time, intellectuals were concerned with the official history. This history would silence the ahistorical production of life.

Modern historians, aiming at a fuller picture of the past, have dislocated their studies to the margins, modifying the notion of the subject and the hierarchy of the facts, and have tried to reconstruct records of ordinary human activities and practices. Subjectivity has brought the possibility for individuals to bring their personal story to the public view and these testimonies are not only manifestations of the self but also of the public. Besides, testimony presupposes experience. It is when personal memories are communicated.

Autobiographies as well as testimonies templ not only stories about individual experiences but also a group experience. By narrating their experiences, individuals find freedom from social and political pressures.

Derry is a place where opposing superstructures politics bwatriz religion and paramilitary groups developed sectarianism and implemented ideologies which alienated both pasado.

An Analysis of The Museum of Free Derry | Andrea Wolwacz –

The Northern Irish struggle has built two opposing ideologies. Derry was divided in two sects: And, although, individuals from both communities did not take both sides, they got involved in one way or another due to the policies developed in this region. The Unionist Government established a regime in six the counties of Ulster with privileges for Protestant citizens wherein Catholics were discriminated. This policy resembled to the Apartheid in South Africa. By being denied the rights of voting and positions in the government as well as by suffering from unemployment and poverty, the Catholic minority developed their policy inside their religious sect.

By being discriminated and by suffering attacks of Unionist paramilitary groups, a great number of Catholic citizens joined the IRA, since the group protected the area. So, when the pacific protests took place in the Bogside, they were considered clashes and acts of guerrilla and were put down by the British Army, most of the time with the help of Unionists paramilitary groups.


Nation is an imagined political community – and imagined as both inherently limited and sovereign. These deaths bring us abruptly face to face with the central problem posed by nationalism: I believe that the beginnings of an answer lie in the cultural roots of nationalism. Nowadays the community needs to tell their stories, their individual memory of lived experience which is also a group experience.

Telling their stories is a way of healing and avoiding future clashes, for they know false ideas Unionism and Nationalism have created sectarianism and have traumatized thousands of people in Derry from both sides.

The Museum of Free Derry covers the most important clashes: It is located in the heart of Derry, where these events took place. For instance, the museum walls are kept with marks of bullets.

It is a small building in which you are able to see 25, individual items like photographs, banners, posters, garments, letters written to family, relatives, friends, and beloved ones as well as written, and oral recorded testimonies by people who experienced those events, some already dead, others still alive. All of these items have been donated to the museum by local residents. A homogeneous story will not passafo the local identity and experience.

They also believe the museum is a means of educating the current and the future generations. Ricoeur states in his Memory, History, Forgettingthat without memory, there is no history.

Saarlo stories of living experience support the collective memory, show that there is a social bond among the group’s members, and form the basis of their trust in one another’s words.

Ricoeur also states that the historiographical operation is to support, correct, or refute collective memory. This operation does not, necessarily deal directly with individual memory, so the archival work documentsis an interpretative activity.

Archives do not correspond directly saro to what actually occurred or to the living memory that an eye-witness. It is the activity of producing a verbal representation of some part of the past in a text. A well made substitute is faithful to the available evidence and so deserves to be called true even though it can be always changed or modified. Archives, such the museum in Derry are there to be interpreted and either supported, or corrected and refuted by researchers.

But one cannot forget the fact that some these documents correspond to what actually occurred. In spite of the fact there are some of fempo testimonies from people involved in earlier clashes and are already dead, most of the living memory is still there walking in the streets. The researcher who wants to study the historical process in Northern Ireland must be attentive to this fact. Even though memory is closely involved with what was forgotten as well as to the fact that there can be biased or false testimonies, it is still possible for them to reconstruct an objective account if they begin with these living witnesses and then testimonies in the archive.


Besides, they have to bear in mind that even biased and false testimony refers to a world in which something 3 http: The Bogside is a very small area in Derry.

If you walk around the area you will see wall painted murals by the Bogside Artists. These Murals complement what you see, watch and listen inside and outside the museum.

Here are some of the 12 murals depicting different events of the Battle of the Bogside. The mural shows a young boy in a gas mask, which he used to try to protect himself from the CS gas used by the RUC, holding a petrol bomb. The mural was painted in Battle of the Bogside. She later received a prison sentence for taking part in, and inciting, a riot. The bin lid in the foreground was used by women and children in Catholic areas throughout Northern Ireland to alert people of an impending raid by the British Army.


Bloody Sunday Mural, January 30th, The It portraits a group men, led by a local Catholic priest carrying the body of Jack Duddy, one the 14 people who were killed in this struggle, from the scene of the shooting. The same banner became bloodstained when used to cover the body of one of those killed. This banner is exposed in the museum.

Besides the murals, the Bogside artists also have produced a range of works of art in different mediums. One of them is street art. The following street art was placed on the Walls of Derry. This is an enormous wall that divides the Catholic area from the Unionist area. Behind and above this wall there used to be The British Army Watchover. The art is a series of soldier puppets that represent the Parachute Regiment who were considered to be responsible for the shooting and who opened fire against the Civil Rights Demonstrations.

The bloody Sunday Protest 2 street art. In fact, these communities are still developing the peace process. So when you walk around the area, you find living experiences, that is, people who have been and are involved with this struggle. The museum and the art are what Derrida states in his book, Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression p. They are great examples of Post-modern historiography and aesthetic work because the participants have dislocated their aims to their community.

By reconstructing records of ordinary human activities and their practices, they have modified the notion of the subject and the hierarchy of the facts.

Tempo passado: cultura da memória e guinada subjetiva – ScienceOpen

The works developed in the museum and by these artists have brought the possibility for individuals in Northern Ireland to bring their personal story to the public view.

These testimonies are certainly both, manifestations of the self and of the public. They srlo there due to the a necessity of this community to self-examine and reconsider the historical events that have made tfmpo are making them become self-conscious and able to, at least, give some possible explanation their past.

Concluding, I have only analyzed the Catholic experience in this pasaado. However I am certain that an analysis of the Protestant community would bring the same necessity of revaluating the past. It is known that the ideology considered as being homogeneous in that part of the city was also imagined, therefore, false.

Nowadays there have also been studies about the Protestant community which have demystified the Unionist ethos. Hopefully, Beatfiz will be able join these studies, since a chapter with passado analysis of the Protestant community is one of the aims to achieve, when writing my doctoral dissertation.

Field Day Publications, The Uncivil Wars, Ireland Today. Houghton Grifflin Company, Companhia das Letras, The Museum of Free Derry: The National Civil Rights Archive.

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