Antonio Conte has used his brand of to catapult Chelsea to the top . After being overlooked for so long, coaches are now realizing that. This year coaches such as Antonio Conte, Ronald Koeman, Luis Enrique, A 3- formation is indeed very versatile, but it is not infinitely. Learn how to coach attackers in the formation with this informative football coaching guide.

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Soccer formations like the formation are constantly falling in and out of fashion as tactical innovations lead teams to vary their approach in how they set themselves up to win games. The beauty of soccer is that there is no single way to play.

For the formation to work, you need tactically astute players who fully understand their role on the team. They must be flexible and know how to respond both with and without the ball.

If they’re not, you risk being overwhelmed in defence as your opponents exploit the gaps and space that the formation leaves open at the back. But if your team does master this formation, you can certainly be on the front foot for a large part of the game and pin your opponents back with the sheer number of players you commit forward. Not every team has the personnel to play the formation as it relies on stamina, tactical discipline, and a high level of technical players to make it work. Get 12 “Soccer Passing Drills” to use at your next training session for free Click here to download.

While this formation allows for a number of variations which we will look at later, the standard set-up is with three at the back, four in the midfield and three up front as the name indicates!

Their main aim is to keep a clean sheet in the match by protecting the keeper and stopping the opposition from scoring. In the standard set-up, tthe two wide midfielders act as wing-backs and provide the team with width by bombing up and down the pitch. In the middle, the two midfielders are responsible for both attacking and defending and have to be tactically disciplined to give balance to the team.

Up front are the three forwards who are the most offensive players on the team. In the formation, players have a lot of responsibilities and the team faces failure if any one player does not fulfill their role.

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The onus on attacking and defending falls on the team as a collective unit unlike with other formations where the defenders defend and the attackers attack. In the formation, however, the goalkeeper has more responsibility as they not only have to save shots but also contribute to the team retaining possession. This means that they have to be calm on the ball and technically capable as they will have more of the ball at their feet than in other formations.

There is also more emphasis coachimg the goalkeeper to communicate in As all of the pitch is before them, they need to direct the defenders in front of them, sniff out danger, and organise the team from the back.

As well as being a good shot stopper, the goalkeeper needs to be good on the ball and a vocal presence in the team. The central centre-back is usually very good on the ball and is expected to operate as a deep central midfielder. This allows the defenders to double up on an voaching and clear the ball if it drops behind the other centrebacks. When the team is in possession, they’re expected to create angles for the other centrebacks with their movement.

When the team is attacking, they may push forward to support the midfield and provide more options to their attacking teammates. This can help overload the opposition in different parts of the pitch. As well as being defensively sound, good at coahing, and passing the ball, they also need to organise the defence and communicate well with 3–4-3 midfielders in front.

In the formation, these players need to be fast and strong to cover the spaces left behind the wing-backs pushing forward. Like all players in the team, they need to be technically capable of receiving the ball under pressure and retaining possession by passing it on. Unlike in other formations, these defenders also need to have good movement and must create space for the rest of the team by dropping wide to give their teammates more passing options. All three of the centre-backs have to be safe in possession and communicate well with each other and the rest of the team.


They need to be fast, mobile, and tactically astute to ensure the formation is a success. By staying out wide, they help the central midfielders to have more space and time on the ball and allow the forward players more flexibility in the spaces they take up.

They have to join the attack and support the defence and if fhe fail to do either job, problems can arise at both ends. This means they have to be comfortable both offensively cozching defensively. They must communicate well with the centre-back behind them and have a good connection with the forward player on their side. This allows them to get behind the defence and the onus is on them to deliver a good cross into the box.

It is also their responsibility to track back once the team has lost possession. These players have to connect well with their teammates and exert their influence on the match by controlling coachung. They need to be aware of open spaces that the opposition can attack and fill in when necessary. This means they have to read the game well.

Their main job is to protect the defence and defend the centre of the pitch. They might also have to make tactical fouls to stop the opposition from counterattacking.

This coachingg is usually physically imposing and has to be very fit to run up and down the pitch. Along with the other central midfielder, it is up to them to control the tempo of the game. They should also make late runs into the box to create confusion among the opposition and should be a threat to score goals as well.

Cowching all the players in the team, they need to be calm in possession and have good technical skills. As with all their teammates in the formation, they must have a high work rate and lots of energy in their play.

With their high energy, they can stretch the opposition out of position, make them 34-3 and force mistakes. The attackers have a lot of freedom to drop into different areas in front of the defence or coachin the wing-backs out wide to overload the wings.

These players are usually very quick, dynamic, and good at dribbling and playing in small spaces. The central striker is often the most physically imposing of the three and can be used as a target man if necessary to hold up the ball and bring others into play. This player is usually the best finisher thee is good with their head. It is their job to score the goals and get on the end of crosses in the box.

3-4-3 Formation – The Ultimate Coaching Guide

The wider forwards can open up space for midfielders pushing forward by running wide or open up space for the wing-backs by coming inside.

They also have to be good at crossing as they often end up out wide. By controlling possession and creating passing angles, the team can work their way forward, overload the opposition in a certain area and create a goal scoring opportunity. While the main bulk of the attacking play comes from the forwards, the whole team really needs to contribute for it to be a success.

The forward players are supported by the attacking midfielder and wing-backs. This can create pandemonium for the opposition as six players hover around their box! The wide forwards can impact the attack in a number of ways through their positioning, dribbling skills, and creativity With crosses into the box from the wide forward or the wingback, the opposite wide forward, the central striker and the attacking midfielder should all make themselves available in the box.

All of coacying front line work in pockets of space, which their teammates help create with their movement off the ball. There should always be options available and this helps keep possession in the opposition half. The forward cozching should be confident taking people on and working together through quick passing to draw in defenders and pass their way behind the defence. This helps to keep the opposition hemmed in their half and the team must aim to control possession and not lose the ball.

Defensively vulnerable with only three at the back, the forwards must be energetic and defend from the front. In this formation, all of the defenders need to keep their cool and not dive in as they will often have few players at the caching.

A Beginner’s Guide To 3-4-3

They should stand off and avoid making tackles if they are not certain of success so that the team can get back in position. The central centre-back should cover the others and the more defensive-minded midfielder needs to cover any gaps that arise from people being out of position.


The outer centre-backs need to cover the wide areas left behind the wing-backs and close them down quickly to stop the opponent from advancing into the box. The whole team must communicate clearly, fall back into position quickly, and spot any danger arising. The wing-backs need to make sure they get back as quickly as possible to support the centre-backs and when under pressure they can revert to a back five.

The central midfielders next to them can sit in front of the defence, limit the space afforded attackers outside of the box, and screen any passes forward.

If the opponents regain possession further up the field, they might want to do a tactical foul to stop the counterattack. They need to make sure they do not get dribbled easily by the other team as once past them, the opposition has a free run at the defence. The beauty of the formation is that it can easily be adapted on the pitch depending on how the game is going, the scoreline, and how the players are playing.

While teams usually line up in a flat midfield with the wing-backs on either side of the central midfielder, some teams prefer to play with a diamond in the middle.

In this formation, one midfielder plays the holding role, with a left and right midfielder in front of them and an attacking midfielder at the tip of the diamond behind the three forwards. From here, the holding player sits back and covers any positions left open by players advancing while the left and right midfielders help control possession and have to contribute both offensively and defensively. They are narrower than wing-backs though and there is less emphasis on them to push out wide.

This can be a problem at times as it can lead to a lack of width in the team and congestion in the centre of the pitch. The attacking midfielder obviously takes on more of the attacking responsibility and contributes less to the defensive side of the game. With a physically imposing central striker who holds up the ball and brings others into play, the two forwards on either side can either act as playmakers or wingers or, as is more likely, a mix of the two.

The team might play with two strikers up front one big and one fast for instance in the three with one playmaker behind them, threading passes through. For maximum confusion for the opposition, they may all continuously swap position, drop into space and generally wreak havoc!

Every single player needs to know exactly what is demanded of them and you can put the opponent under immense pressure with the high energy display that the formation demands. It is a very demanding formation both physically and mentally and the players have to be on top of their game to make it a success. Communication and coordination are key to organising the team while the technical abilities each player has helps control possession and force the play up the pitch.

And if you attempt the formation with younger players it will help them to gain a greater understanding of the beautiful game and how each and every one of their teammates are crucial to the success of the team.

Sign up to our soccer coaching newsletter and we’ll send you a quick email each time we publish a new post. Your Privacy is protected. When it works, however, the attacking football on display can be amazing to watch! Tactical awareness from each player and an understanding of how they fit in the team. A high level of discipline to ensure that the team attacks and defends as a team.

Quick and strong wide defenders who can cover the space left behind the wing-backs.

Players must be comfortable on the ball as the aim is to control possession. A ball-playing centre-back is particularly important for stepping up from defence and supporting the midfield. Wing-backs must be exceptionally fit to support the attack and defence along their side. Disciplined midfielders who can provide cover when the wingbacks are attacking and help prevent counterattacks.