Croton macrostachyus. Euphorbiaceae. Hochst. ex Ferret et Galinier. C. macrostachys: A representative tree at. Kakuzi Ranch, Kenya. (Paul K.A. Konuche). Croton macrostachyus Hochst. ex Delile is a species of the genus Croton L., Euphorbiaceae family, commonly known as the spurge family. In Kenya, leaves and roots from Croton macrostachyus are used as a traditional medicine for infectious diseases such as typhoid and measles.

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Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Lupeol is a pharmacologically active triterpenoid with several potential medicinal properties. Chemical shifts of the numbered carbon atoms are shown.

The weights of all animals were taken before and after the experiment. WHO traditional medicine strategy — In this study, the antibacterial and antifungal effects of methanol, ethyl acetate and butanol extracts, and purified macroetachyus of C. Chemical structures of major compounds isolated from leaves, roots, and stems of Croton macrostachyus.

The leaf extract showed some activity with minimum inhibitory concentrations MIC varying from 3. In Ethiopia Croton macrostachyus has many uses. The eluted samples were dried in air and crystallized. Croton macrostachyus methanol leaf and root extracts were active against Bacillus cereus with minimum inhibitory concentration MIC value of Fruiting tree Photograph by: The ethanol stem bark extract demonstrated some activity with the minimum fungicidal concentration MFC values ranging from For each extract, 6 animals were selected as positive controls and negative controls and for test animals.


Croton macrostachyus and other historical names and synonyms of the species were used as the keywords in searching the major databases including Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar, Science Direct, BioMed Central BMCPubMed, and Springerlink documenting traditional uses, medicinal uses, ethnobotany, ethnomedicinal uses, ethnopharmacology, pharmacology, phytochemistry, and therapeutic value of the species.

Considering the documented ethnomedicinal uses of C. A search for natural bioactive compounds in Bolivia through a multidisciplinary approach.

Croton macrostachyus is propagated by seed or wildlings. In a field experiment in Ethiopia the decomposition rate of the leaves of Croton macrostachyus was found to be 3 times higher than those of Millettia ferruginea Hochst. Treatment of diabetic mice with doses of the leaf extract resulted in significantly lower levels of fasting blood glucose and the effects of the leaf extract were comparable with the conventional drugs [ 88 ]. The wood is used in eastern and southern Africa to mafrostachyus tool handles, small stools, boxes, crates and plywood, as flooring and building material and in carpentry.

Citation in web searches. Each study group included PC and NC groups. Click crofon “show more” to view them.

These treatments are all considered dangerous. Food and Chemical Toxicology.

Croton macrostachyus – Useful Tropical Plants

Antibacterial and cytotoxic activity of Brazilian plant extracts— Clusiaceae. Croton macrostachyus Croton macrostachyus, a target tree This study indicated the possible use of C.

Traditional uses, chemistry and pharmacology of Croton species Euphorbiaceae Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society. Consent to use the experimental animals in the study was obtained from the ethical committee of the Kenya Medical Research Institute, Center of Biotechnology and Research Development, Department of Malaria, Nairobi, Kenya. Making the most of indigenous trees.


The soaked extract was separated from the plant residue using a Buchner funnel. The preparation is taken with pepper, butter and milk. Tree flowering in native habitat Photograph by: In macgostachyus present study the extracts from C.

The seeds are often damaged by insects while still on the tree. In China, India, Africa, and Latin America, modern drugs are not available, or, if they are, they often prove to be too expensive, unavailable, or inaccessible. macrostacnyus

Croton macrostachyus

The percent maceostachyus and the erythrocytes were counted macrostadhyus the white blood cell count method. Inhibition of parasite growth by incorporation of stomatocytogenic amphiphiles into the erythrocyte membrane. The result of the study revealed that observed IC 50 values of crotepoxide 3 to be In vitro Plasmodium falciparum drug sensitivity assay: The Nubian goat kids were allotted as untreated controls and ground C.

Journal of Ethnopharmacology 45 1: Abstract In Kenya, leaves and roots from Croton macrostachyus are used as a traditional medicine for infectious diseases such as typhoid and measles, but reports on possible antimicrobial activity of stem bark do not exist.

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