Image by Tom Mooring LA ERA DEL VACIO VIDAS DESPERDICIADAS HERNAN RAMIREZ A. LEYDER FABIAN MAMIAN ALARCON. Transcript of Gilles Lipovetsky. MODERNIDAD La era de lo HIPER Hiperconsumo Hiperterrorismo Hiperindividualismo Hipermiedo La. El filósofo y sociólogo francés Gilles Lipovetsky ofreció una entrevista a La Jornada. El exceso domina la sociedad actual; se perdieron los.

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Ensayo de the True Cost

Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. This essay has as a purpose to reflect about the religious phenomena in human beings, understanding it a spiritual capacity in order to perceive the sacred, in the context of postmodernity in the western culture. The first part considers a different focus to perceive the situation of the human being nowadays and figures out in some way how man is lipovegsky, taking the debate about the existence of a spiritual dimension of human life into consideration.

The condition of the postmodern man has been a topic for reflection and analysis since many decades ago. A way to approach his topic is anchoring its ethos in four axis: From this perspective, the religious fact is immersed in a great paradox: And, in the middle lies an ocean, the question inherent to human nature, about the possibility to perceive, to relate to someone or something sacred and transcendent.

We believe that such capacity exists, and in an external universe, something is there, rather than nothing. The universe is there, existence is there, being is there, and it is possible to be perceived. The age of Narcissus. We live under the age of the sign of Narcissus, the mythological character who lives watching his own image reflected on the surface of the water, on the pond.

The culture of hedonism and exacerbated individualism is the way we live now, in a total indifference toward almost anything. Following up on Lipovetsky there have been two great individualistic revolutions: A personal realization that has negative fracture of the disciplinary socialization — and positive connotations preparation of a flexible society based on information and needs stimulation, gender and assumption of human factors.

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Narcissus has engendered a new homo; the psicologicus, who does not care about the past or the future, but only the present. Installed in apathy, he lives contemplating how the essential aspects of life become liquid and between their fingers: According to Lipovestky, narcissism is presented as a paradox in which sensitivity coexists with a great indifference toward the world.

That is because of the avalanche of information that falls on people as well as the dizzying speed with which mass-mediated events take place, leading them from one emotion to another without keep any of them.

Apathy, emptiness, indifference, and a kind of gregarious loneliness he can be a member of many groups, social networks for example, and still be lonely. However, it is not a man who remains in a state of absolute immobility. This is especially remarkable in the younger generations. Thus, from another approach, which lioovetsky coincides essentially with Lipovetsky, Baricco thinks that we have an invasion of what he calls the barbarians; lipkvetsky 1 Lipovetsky.


Vaciio fact lipovetxky based on two fundamental pillars: A systematic dismantling of all the mental tools that we inherited from the nineteenth century, romantic and bourgeois culture.

To the most scandalous point: In the process, they are able to sacrifice whatever, be it even their soul. That is, they try to deliberately lose their soul, understood as the invention of spirituality by the bourgeoisie in the 19th century. Somehow this had been noted by Nietzsche. We have to lighten up the heavy burden that man carries on his shoulders.

Gilles Lipovetsky, defensor del capitalismo

In this point of view, Marina notes that if “values overwhelm, enslave, weaken, coerce, then wit should break out of them. In the hipermodernidav, the death of God also implies a great, very costly loss of spirituality, bringing us the relativization of ethics, a moral anomie.

Tiempo de saberes fragmentados. For him, this is a consequence of the dissolution of the Protestant ethic that leaves its place to al individualism. Hence, we ask if there is a place for spirituality. Do we have to renounce the search of sense, and the search of the transcendent?. Are we witnessing the extinction of the religious fact, or is one transmutation again, a change of paradigm, a trend that seeks its place in the psyche, in culture, in reflection?

Between the divine and God. He wrote this in the section that defines the term “Atheist”, which ends hipermdoernidad pointing out that these considerations are only relevant in the field of the arts, since they deal with the symbolic manifestations of life.

Then the question about who will be the next gods who will occupy the altar in the heart or mind of Narcissus remain. For now, Lipovetsky warns that, while there is a tendency to return to the spiritual and the naturel in postmodernism, it is not a break, but rather the end of the logic of indifference.

In the private space everything is welcome, including transcendental values. It can be permissive and religious at the same time. All this naturally has consequences; the overwhelming invasion of the indifference, of social desertion, in the private, individual field, it has led an extraordinary and widespread increase of cases of depression, without distinction of social class. It means Narcissus is now vulnerable, unarmed, without any significant support, crossing its own desert in solitude.

Personal intersubjectivity, 7 Daniel Bell in: Diccionario de las Artes Barcelona.

When Narcissus goes to the mirror to look at, it is empty. About this, says Schaeffer that modern man is a desperate man. If he relies on rationality and logic, modern man cannot find meaning to his life, and culture has become meaningless.

It is the proposal from Jonathan Haidt, in the sense that the brain has the ability to perceive a third moral dimension that he names 10″divinity”, which does not necessarily imply that God exists and can be perceived. In addition to that, purity practices inherent hipermkdernidad religions searching for that third dimension or divinity.


Each one has their own sacred places in their own private universe, whether believers or atheists he is assumed an atheistcan be objects, people, nature or events that provide what they called moments of “lifting and lighting”. In bold experiments carried out with his students, he found that the cause may be exposure to love, which creates a physiological response that consists of the work of the Vagus nerve with the release of oxytocin, to produce feelings of calmness, love and desire for contact that they favor 9 Francis A.

This kind of love, hipermdernidad the author, in particular, is a feeling of love to all mankind – the agape-resulting in conditions of Evangelical Christian worship, easily attributable to the love of Christ or the Holy Spirit moving in the hearts of the believers.

According to Haidt, “these experiences are clear, direct and subjective proof that God is within every person. It is interesting that John Stott came to very similar conclusions by other means. According to this second author, in human beings drl is a triple search, which, although they do not conceive it or articulate it, it basically consists of the following: If so, these approaches give Narcissus the opportunity and hope not to cross the desert, as well as presenting other challenges that should be considered, such as their relationship with each other and with himself in solitude.

Because of the extension of this essay, it is not possible to expand here the exposition and reflection on other Haidt findings or proposals of other authors, however, we believe that in the midst of the postmodern secularity, the question about the perception of the sacred in postmodern man’s life remains open.

If Haidt and Stott are right, then it is possible to have a common thread that will allow the postmodern man entering the 21st century with the certainty of a response to his existential emptiness.

It is possible that Narcissus stops not only sought in an empty mirror, but he can found and recognized himself in the Other, and contemplating and discovering himself in the Other, he finds himself.

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