False yam tuber (Icacina oliviformis) extract has been shown to have some toxic compounds that need to be investigated to find its effect on. Common Name:False yam. Description. The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plants, consisting of trees, shrubs, and lianas, primarily of the tropics. False yam (Icacina oliviformis syn. Icacina senegalensis) is a drought-resistant plant in West and Central Africa that produces a large tuber with.

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File:Icacina senegalensis MS 4743.JPG

No particular pests or diseases are reported, but this is perhaps only because the plant is so little studied. Success might instantly turn this wild resource into a cash crop for regions with few salable materials.

It can be stored until needed. Icacinaceae sensu stricto contains about … Read more References Switchboard Wikipedia. Too big for agriculture; too small for forestry, they fall between the disciplinary cracks. False yam Descri ption The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plantsconsisting of treesshrubsand lianasprimarily of the tropics. Indeed, it has a future as both a subsistence and commercial crop.

Icacina oliviformis – Useful Tropical Plants

They are soaked several days, boiled in new water, dried, dehusked, and ground. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.

Even exploratory trials are not justified at present. The fruits, for instance, are widely enjoyed during the annual harvesting season. Selected Species Adansonia kilima Allanblackia floribunda Dacryodes edulis Irvingia gabonensis Moringa oleifera Ricinodendron heudelotii Sclerocarya birrea Tamarindus indica Iccacina kirkiana Vitellaria paradoxa Vitex doniana Ziziphus mauritiana Olivfiormis occidentale Annona senegalensis.


JPG Icacina oliviformis syn. Documenting Traditional Knowledge Because this plant is so new to science but so old to Africans, it is vital to document the methods and practices traditionally employed for handling and using it.

Dried, they turn rock hard, but then can be stored with negligible loss. Do you enjoy reading reports from the Academies online for free? The usable portion is about 80 percent starch and a crucial resource during famines. This extremely drought-tolerant shrub edges and savanna is easy to grow and is already sometimes cultivated.

The starchy flour is then either eaten without further processing or, more often, is blended with the flour from the seeds. The tubers, too, are used in the form of flour. To consider icacina as just a weed or fallback crop for the worst of times is quite wrong.

Views View Edit History. Horticultural Development Although the plant is sometimes cultivated, it is only on a very small, household scale.

African Plants

False yam Descri ption. Skip to content Common Name: Overseas Development Administration, London: Owing to their size and the fact that they can penetrate far below the surface, they are difficult to dig out. Nonetheless, it could be produced in far greater amounts. Its fruits ripen as the dry season comes to an end, the very moment when the stores of other foods often run out. Roots, too, can contain toxins unless properly processed.

Although an especially hardy life form, shrubs are generally neglected in development activities. It is also easy to harvest because the bush seldom exceeds 80 cm in height and bears its fruits near the outside, where they can be reached without difficulty. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file.


It deserves organized testing in dry zones in various parts of Africa to see how it survives within and beyond its current range. Unfortunately, this book can’t be printed from the OpenBook. Seeds are normally boiled and eaten directly, but can also be redried for further storage or pounded into powder like cassava or sorghum. It is covered with very short hairs and contains a thin layer of white pulp, approximately 0. Indeed, in certain areas it might prove to be a better source of commercial starch than the yam itself.

This page was last edited on 9 Marchat They have a thin, grayish skin. The emetic, antihepatotoxic, and antinephrotoxic effects of an extract from Icacina trichantha. The tubers are harvested only when required.

Icacina is a prime example of how the world misses out on valuable woody resources icacinz because they have branches where they should have trunks. Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. They, too, are often plentiful.

The following other wikis use this file: It is also softened into an edible paste by the addition of boiling water.