– this is the main address on the world-wide web under Informationskreis KernEnergie, and Kerntechnische Gesellschaft e.V. can be. Lessons Learned from “Informationskreis Kernenergie” Activities e Identify your allies in every possible area of common interest and try to get them involved. e. is the address on the worldwide web under which the German nuclear organizations, Deutsches Atomforum (DAtF), Informationskreis.
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Marie and Pierre Curie discover the lernenergie of the element radium into other elements, emitting ionising radiation. Ernest Rutherford develops his theory of the structure of the atom and the radioactive decay.
On the basis of this theory, Niels Bohr develops later a model of an atom. Joliot, Halban and Kowarski identify the neutrons released during nuclear fission which initiate a chain reaction.
Under the direction of Werner Heisenberg and Walther Bothethe “Uranverein” Uranium Club constructs a research reactor in which no self-sustaining kerneenergie reaction can be produced until the end of war Enrico Fermi and his staff design and construct the first nuclear test reactor. With the CP-1, they create the first controlled chain reaction. US President Dwight D.
When the Federal Republic of Germany achieves sovereignty, it is possible to work on the peaceful utilisation of nuclear energy. On 31st October, the research reactor of the Technical University of Munich – the “nuclear egg” – is put into operation as first reactor in Germany. The Atomic Energy Act is promulgated in the Federal Republic of Germany It is the legal basis for the construction and operation of nuclear power plants. Start of work on the fast breeder project in Karlsruhe.
The heavy water reactor is operated with natural uranium. In June the Kahl experimental nuclear power plant VAK feeds electricity produced using nuclear energy into the national grid for the first time in the Federal Republic of Germany. The experimental program for storage of radioactive waste starts in the Asse salt mine. Between and arounddrums containing low active waste and 1, drums containing medium active waste are placed into storage in the Asse mine shaft.
The Obrigheim pressurised water reactor feeds electricity into the power supply system for the first time. An association of scientists, engineers and other experts with the aim of supporting progress in nuclear technology.
The Niederaichbach nuclear power plant is put into operation. The gas-cooled heavy water-moderated pressure tube reactor has an output of MW. The first of five in total unit of the Greifswald nuclear power plant is put into operation. The 12 utilities operating or planning nuclear power plants join to establish the Projektgesellschaft Wiederaufbereitung von Kernbrennstoffen mbH PWK for the reprocessing of nuclear fuels.
Site occupation of the planned Wyhl nuclear power plant. Foundation of the Informationskreis Kernenergie. Anti-nuclear power plant demonstrations in Brokdorf. The Konrad mine shaft is set up for the exploration and experimental storage of radioactive waste. Anti-nuclear power plant demonstrations in Kalkar. The Isar I nuclear power plant is put into operation on 3 December. The core partially melts down.
The containment structure functions as intended. On 5 May the Philippsburg 1 nuclear power plant was put into operation. International Gorleben hearing on the safety of nuclear waste management facilities.
Start of exploration of the Gorleben salt dome as a final repository for high active waste. Violent mass demonstration in Brokdorf. The Grafenrheinfeld nuclear power plant is put into operation on 30 December. Laying of the foundation for the first large-scale uranium enrichment plant in the Federal Republic of Germany in Gronau.
Planning permission application for “Konrad Mine”. The first controlled nuclear fission takes place in the THTR thorium high temperature reactor. On 26 April the most serious accident to date in the history of the peaceful utilisation of nuclear energy occurrs in unit four of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the former Soviet Union.
Large-scale demonstration against construction of the Wackersdorf reprocessing plant. An SPD party conference resolves to phase out nuclear energy within 10 years. The Brokdorf nuclear power plant is put into operation on 14 October. The prototype decommissioning of a nuclear power plant Niederaichbach is started. The Isar 2 and Emsland nuclear power plants are put into operation.
The Federal Government resolves that reprocessing in the member states of the European Communities secured by long-term contract could be accepted as part of the integrated waste management concept.
Building work on the Wackersdorf reprocessing plant is halted. The World Association of Nuclear Operators WANO is established in Moscow to increase the safety of nuclear power plants by means of a global exchange of ideas and experience. The amended Radiation Protection Ordinance comes into force.
The first nuclear partial licence is granted for the construction of the Gorleben pilot conditioning plant PKA. The Atomic Energy Act becomes applicable throughout Germany due to the accession of informationsreis new federal states.
The Soviet designed Rheinsberg and Greifswald nuclear power plants are shut down.
It is intended to lay the foundations for restructuring of Europe’s energy economy. After 75 days of negotiation, the debate within the plan approval procedure of the Konrad mine ends. MOX processing in Hanau is halted. The legislative authority then also facilitates “direct final disposal” of spent fuel assemblies.
Following the halting of operations, the shutdown procedure for the Morsleben final repository for radioactive waste ERAM is introduced. On June 14, the Federal Government and the utility companies initial an agreement about the future operation of the German nuclear power plants. The utilities commit themselves to producing only a certain residual amount of electricity in their nuclear power plants; informationskreiz return the Federal Government promises that these plants will be able to operate undisturbed.
Geschichte der Kernenergie
Agreement on June From 1 October a moratorium of no less than three kernensrgie no more than ten years. On December 15, the final unit still in operation at inrormationskreis Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant – Unit 3 – is closed down for good. The agreement initialled on June 14, by the Federal Government and the German utilities is signed on June The new version of the Atomic Energy Act in German.
The Finnish government grants the nuclear licence for the construction of the first third-generation reactorOlkiluoto 3on 17 February.
The Obrigheim nuclear power plant is shut down on 11 May. Processing of methodological, conceptual and safety-related questions regarding exploration of the Gorleben salt dome. The licence for the “Konrad mine” achieves legal validity on 3 April on passing of the resolution by the Federal Administrative Court in Leipzig. The German coalition government decides informationskreos extend the operational lifespans of nuclear power plants by an average of 12 years.
Restart of exploration of the Gorleben salt dome. On 30 June German Parliament decides to accelerate phase-out of nuclear power.
Issues and Topics Advertise Publish Contact. Antoine Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity. Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann succeed kernenergi demonstrating the fission of the uranium atom. Construction of the fast breeder reactor begins in Kalkar. Anti-nuclear power plant demonstrations in Brokdorf The Konrad mine shaft is set up for the exploration and experimental storage of radioactive waste.
The Unterweser nuclear power plant is put into operation on 29 September. Start of deep drilling in the Gorleben exploratory mine.
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The Neckarwestheim II nuclear power plant goes into operation on 3 January. Start of storage at the spent fuel storage facility Gorleben kerenergie Castor transport. The contents of the agreement are implemented in the new version of the Atomic Energy Act.
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