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¿Reseña del libro “La Zarpa” de Jose Emilio Pacheco?

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His extensive portfolio emiluo which included narrative, essay, journalism, and translation — was grounded in a poetry that had few comparisons during his time.

He wrote prolifically, with collections that span five decades — from The Elements of the Night to The Age of Shadows and Pachsco the Rain both from Poets end up living their madness. Or dead from alcoholism, drug addiction, poverty. Pacheco seems to have few direct influences, as this poem about the social marginalization of poets demonstrates. Here the prosaic, almost journalistic tone and noted lack of metaphor are coupled with a dark, dry humor, exemplified by the last three lines of the poem.

This contrasts with the work of many great 20th-century Mexican poets who are known for their metaphysical perspective and highly figurative language. Pacheco appropriated other poetics and put them at the service of his own social aarpa cultural interests, letting the world be grafted onto him, yet not losing his roots.

Its abstract splendor is beyond my grasp. Though the Revolution had radical beginnings, by the second half of the s bourgeois values had infiltrated the country, leading to a ruling political class complicit with the consolidation of capitalism and the denationalization of the Mexican economy. By the time Pacheco began writing in the late s, such neo-colonialist policies had been institutionalized.

Pacheco was not indifferent to the ravages of neo-colonialism in both the material and spiritual aspects of life. As a result, he distanced himself from the pro-government intellectual majority and aligned himself with the demonstrators who protested to defend the democratic character of the Constitution. Still, emotion is checked. What the speaker feels is much subtler than passionate disdain. In the second part of the poem, we discover that what matters are the small things, not the grandiose images that are conventionally part of nation building.

In this way, Pacheco strikes a balance between writing socially conscious poetry and upholding his individuality. With little fanfare, Pacheco enriched the practice of poetry as a material force that seeks to transform the world, to re-humanize it. Without it each pafheco would be like a fragment of nothingness, dissolving in some unthinkable black hole. Salt surfaces from the sea. And so finally worn-out, deprived of its great water force, it dies on the beach to become stone in the sand.


Salt is the desert where there once was sea. Water and land reconciled, matter of no one. Through the simplicity of the commonplace — salt — this poem tackles the thorny topic of individualism.

It implies overcoming the solipsism at the foundation of modern society: Hailing from a country that has suffered colonialism and neo-colonialism, the modernity that Pacheco experienced was deformed and dependent. ekilio

January 31, La Zarpa de Jose Emilio Pacheco by Radio Pirata | Mixcloud

Such experience results in a dialogic poetry that affirms individuality but refuses individualism. Poetry has just one reality: Baudelaire attests to it. Ovid would approve of such declarations.

And this, on the other hand, guarantees the endangered survival of an art read by few and apparently detested by many as a disorder of the conscience, a remnant from times much older than ours now in which science claims to enjoy an endless monopoly on magic. In this poem, he seeks synthesis, presenting a poetry written with both heart and mind. References to classical music Robert Schumann and canonical poets Ovid, Charles Baudelaire go hand in hand with a direct, conversational tone. The language of the poem is unadorned and straightforward; its sentiment restrained.

And yet, the idea the poem defends — that poetry is suffering, that it is marginalized in the modern world, and that it is absolutely magical — contradicts such dispassion. Pacheco could be both sophisticated and melodramatic, exuberantly intellectual and rigorously emotional.

With this stance, he distanced himself from aestheticism and populism. I retake an allusion by crickets: Yet if not for the cryptic signal they broadcast to one another for crickets night would not be night.

Here, Pacheco demonstrates his understanding of poetry.

He attempted to write verse that distanced itself from traditional poetic rhetoric. Pacheco opted for bare, unadorned language precisely suited to what he wanted to say. He used a functional, refined poetic language in which a balance between the prosaic and the highly metaphorical is reached.

The result of this flexible and unorthodox poetics is, like the poem above, a work of apparently simple structure that is nonetheless exceedingly complex at heart. What nocturnal beauty its splendor if sailing in the salty half-light of the mother waters, to it sweet and crystalline. Yet on the beach overrun by plastic trash this fleshy jewel of viscous vertigo looks like a monster.

Cuentos mexicanos

No paacheco flows from its lips: Here, there is a democratization of poetic language. Traditional verse is abandoned in favor of representations from everyday life.

Rather than regionalizing expression, Pacheco looks to cross borders, universalize. This arching sea, its rovingrooted emiilioused in a thousand poems before now.

Infected bitch, mangy poetry, laughable strain of neurosis, the price some pay for not knowing how to live. Sweet, everlasting, brilliant poetry. Our era has left us talking to ourselves. This poem is not monologue but dialogue.


It turns into a creation of at least two people, a breaking with the individualist order of the modern world. The poet of clarity aspires to have absolute control over the sense of the text, exercising violence on the reader and attempting to condemn him to passivity. Pacheco breaks with the traditional hierarchy between writer and reader by opposing this stance.

Such a move has broader social and cultural implications; it signals a radical dismantling of the established order. In the Spanish language, Pacheco was and still is a master of dialogic poetry.

He wrote with emotion and intelligence, refusing to embellish, with an open, precise language, overflowing in unforgettable images. With the authenticity of its beauty, his poetry dignifies the human condition. Los poetas acaban viviendo su locura.

O lo que es peor: En la obra de Pacheco solo hay Pacheco, es decir lo que realmente necesita para expresarse. No amo mi patria. Su fulgor abstracto es inasible. Su rechazo del nacionalismo le permite oponerse, radicalmente, a los avances del neocolonialismo. La sal no son los individuos que la componen sino la tribu solidaria.

La sal sale del mar. Es su espuma petrificada.

Jose Emilio Pacheco by Ilse Zenteno Flores on Prezi

pachec Es mar que seca el sol. Y al final ya rendido, ya despojado de su gran fuerza de agua, muere en la playa y se hace piedra en la arena. La sal es el desierto en donde hubo mar. Pcaheco y tierra reconciliados, la materia de nadie. Y esto por otra parte garantiza la supervivencia amenazada de un arte que pocos leen y al parecer muchos detestan, como una enfermedad de la conciencia, un rezago de tiempos anteriores a los nuestros cuando la ciencia cree disfrutar del monopolio eterno de la magia.

Lo importante en este orden es que, con semejante actitud, se aleja tanto del esteticismo como del populismo.

A su juicio, no hay dos culturas: De sus labios no mana sangre: La sal, el mar deshecho … Se borra lo anterior, se escribe luego: Al principio, el lector es un observador del proceso, del acto de borrar y reemplazar. O sea, es un proceso en que el acto de leer tiene la misma trascendencia que el de escribir. El poeta de la claridad es en definitiva un conductista, que aspira a tener control absoluto del sentido del texto, ejerce una violencia sobre el lector e intenta condenarlo a la pasividad.

He has published 30 books of poetry throughout Latin America and Europe, and has received major awards all over the Spanish-speaking world. For National Poetry Month: Russia, Denmark, Argentina, Mexico. By Paulo Henriques Britto. History and the Sphinx: Of Riots and Uprisings. Letter to the Editor: By Min Hyoung Song. The Eternal Question of Zxrpa.