The Book of the Dead was not called like that when it was written, but it was given the name in when Karl Richard Lepsius published a. The name “Book of the Dead” was the invention of the German Egyptologist Karl Richard Lepsius, who published a selection of some texts in Religion. The name “Book of the Dead” was the invention of the German Egyptologist Karl Richard Lepsius, who published a selection of the texts in When it was.

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Karl Richard Lepsius

One richzrd we know for certain is that death is waiting for us all. Something so natural and irrefutable, but still how much do we understand what that really means? How we see death is how we understand life.

Searching for those answers is a quest that has accompanied men and women since time immemorial. Most ancient traditions spoke of a journey in life, which would continue after the rochard body tue functioning.

One of the oldest written texts on the subject of rjchard is the so-called Egyptian Book of the Dead. It is not known how old the Book of the Dead is. Many of the papyruses we have today are from the New Kingdom B. But according to tradition priests from the first Dynasties already possessed one of the very old versions of the Book. The Book of the Lepsiius was part of a tradition of funerary texts which includes the earlier Pyramid Texts and Coffin Texts, which were painted onto objects, not papyrus.


The Book was placed in the coffin or burial chamber of the deceased. Lepsius also introduced the spell numbering system, which is still in use, identifying different spells. The intention was not to describe different encounters on the journey, but to offer practical help and magical assistance.

At present some spells are known, though no single manuscript contains them all.

They served a range of purposes. Some are intended to give the deceased mystical knowledge in the afterlife. Still others protect the deceased from various hostile forces, or guide him through the underworld past various obstacles.

Famously, two spells also deal with the judgment of the deceased in the Weighing of the Heart ritual. The central spell is the Judgment of the Dead, with its denial of sin the Negative Confession. Every known version of the Book of the Dead contains a different selection of spells in a different order and because of this it seems random, as if there were no internal structure. Some Egyptologists believe that this was due to the choices of the scribes who compiled the book according to their own judgement.

But when looking at the core of Egyptian religion and mythology we find the myth of Osiris, who was cut into pieces by his brother Seth, and scattered around Egypt. Somehow this speaks of what is going on in this life.

The idea is to bring together different parts of our scattered consciousness, putting them into a meaningful whole.


Karl Richard Lepsius – Wikipedia

This is the so-called spiritual rebirth, when the old dies and tthe new man is born, the same life but a different state of being, an alchemy of transmutation. For this reason the Book with its spells and teachings was not intended lf for a deceased, but it belonged to a system of training within initiatic schools. The experience of initiation and death are considered to be very similar.

This means that the person is going to be incarnated again on Earth with another opportunity to purify the heart with good deeds.

Karl Richard Lepsius – New World Encyclopedia

Thus, morality becomes indispensable for spiritual progress. Cultures with such understanding and knowledge represents a peak of human achievement, as their work still resonates thousands of years after they are gone.

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