Pliki grammar and vocabulary for cae and cpe fully. Pdf joiner allows you to merge multiple pdf documents and images into a single pdf file, free of charge. Lawrowski Z.: Tribologia – tarcie, zużywanie i smarowanie. Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa Tempie R.: Geniusz Chin – lat nauki, odkryć. Applied Mechanics and Materials ; , 6. Lawrowski Z. Tribologia.

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Notes from the early history of tribology. From several hundred thousand years mankind positive making the fire, tools sharpening and negative friction wear influence of friction on the products of human activity is known, in spite of friction idea to ca.

The friction in the area contact of two mobile bodies was came into being. The area contact of two mobile bodies, in relation one to other, with lubricant fluid eventually – it is a tribological point. The development and exploitation of tribological point began several hundred thousand years and continue up today. In the table 1 chronological development of the most important achievements concerne friction was done. From the most ancient time a development and exploitation of tribological points contain two general directions: Apreaprototype of machine point was hard wood-stick related by man – in the more tribologgia material: Tipically machine points appear ca 7 B.


A preprototype lawrkwski the machine, in which was utilized sliding friction was a drag – in the form of two bind word sticks drawn after lawrowskj ground, on which a load was placed.

Lawrowski tribologia pdf merge

A little later, ca. Is sure, that in ancient Egypt and in Asyria ca.

Ancient Asyria inhabitants replace sliding friction – by rolling friction: A sliding bearings was known: When the wheel was appeard Fig. After sliding bearing rolling bearing was appeard, in which at first a rolers from hard wood was made and after a balls frome hard wood too. A heavy stone blocks in special wood wheels was supplied – for change sliding friction by rolling friction Fig. China men Ge Xu a sliding wheel to wheel-barrow appicated ca.

Tribologiw power transmision was a separate problem. China men chain drive utilized.

After years later the Renaissance genius, Leonardo da Vinci the conception of line and belt drive, ball bearing and gear transmismision hypoid, worm gave and the conception of frictions force and coefficient tribolofia indroduced. A gears in Egipt and in Grece was utilized – Arysthoteles ca.


A bearings particularly ball bearings from A.

Lepkościomierz Ubbelohdego – Wikipedia, wolna encyklopedia

Fischer began to be utilized. Before Second World War a porous sintered self-lubricating bearings was appeard. Some years ago Leonardo da Vinci constate, that “Eeach substance, without regarde, what is your lubricant property, introduced between two fractioned bodys, a friction process appease”. As a lubricant fluids were utilized: In the beginning of A. Instytut Mechaniki Precyzyjnej, ul.

Duchniecka 3, Warszawa. Wydawnictwo Politechniki Radomskiej, Radom Encyklopedia – przyroda i technika wyd. Wiedza Powszechna, Warszawa Wydawnictwo “Kronika”, Warszawa Encyklopedia Nauki i Techniki, t. Newness – Butterworth, London nie podano roku wydania. Wydawnictwo “Arkady”, Warszawa Wydawnictwa Naukowo-Techniczne, Warszawa Tribologoa dla konstruktora izd. Izdatielstvo “Masinostrojenie”, Moskva Tribotechnika – iznos i beziznosnost.

Surface enginnering of metals – principles, equipment, technologies.