La leptospirosis canina es una enfermedad que clínicamente puede presentar curso sobreagudo, agudo o crónico. Es de difícil diagnóstico por la gran variedad . The prevalence of leptospirosis in dogs indicates that the disease is present .. Caballero A. Leptospirosis canina y su relación con el hombre. INFORME BREVE. Genotypes of Leptospira spp. strains isolated from dogs in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Genotipos de cepas de Leptospira spp. aisladas de.

Author: Grolar Miran
Country: Kosovo
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Health and Food
Published (Last): 23 September 2018
Pages: 459
PDF File Size: 20.15 Mb
ePub File Size: 13.26 Mb
ISBN: 657-8-40238-755-2
Downloads: 67655
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Fauhn

LEPTOSPIROSIS CANINA by Mariai Restrepo on Prezi

The disease tends to be seasonal in temperate climates and year-round in tropical climates. The MAT has the following disadvantages: The severity of clinical signs depends on the age and immune-competence of the animal, the serovar involved and the virulence of the bacteria.

However, the relationship between infecting serovar and clinical disease requires further research Goldstein et al Detection and quantification of leptospires in urine of dogs: The survival of leptospires for several days in murine renal tissue may indicate that felines that hunt mice could have a high risk of exposure to infection.

In domestic dogs, leptospirosis is recognised as an important and severe infectious disease. Whenit comes to recommending a diagnostic test for the diagnosis of leptospirosis in dogs, McBride et al noted that the selection of an assay relied more on the availability, cost and the feasibility of implementing the test for point-of-care diagnosis. Prevalence of Leptospira infection and frequently reported serovars in cats in cross-sectional caninw carried out in some countries.

The leptospiral strain was designed as “Leptospira canicola”.

Veterinaria México OA

Methods of oestrus prevention in dogs and cats: Each geographic area is characterised by the serotypes serogroups, serovars determined by the ecology of the area Acha and Szyfrescsnina both the prevalence of the disease and distribution of serovars vary between different countries, and even between regions within a country.

The results of cross-sectional surveys of Leptospira infection in dogs worldwide leptospieosis in Chile are described in the tables 2 and 3respectively. Evaluation of four whole-cell Leptospira-based serological test for diagnosis of urban leptospirosis.

  ISO 2846-1 PDF

Predominant Leptospira spp serovars in leptospirsis diagnosis of canines and humans in the city of Uberlandia, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The risk of ocupational transmission of Leptospira has been well documented among large animal practitioners but less among small animal veterinarians Baer et al Therefore, no single technique can be recommended for use in a clinical situation and the use of a combination of test allows the best chances in establishing the diagnosis by obtaining the maximum diagnostic sensitivity and specificity Bolin This test provides an estimate of the antibody titre against leptospires present in the serum of the patient.

S Afr Caina Ass 81, Confirmation of the diagnosis of leptospirosis in cats is difficult Sparkes et al Each of the diagnostic procedures for detection of leptospires or for antibodies against them has a number of advantages and disadvantages.

Risk factors associated with the seroprevalence of leptospirosis among students at the veterinary school of Zaragoza University.

However, the clinical manifestations lepotspirosis have been reported include fever during 3 to 4 days, meningitis, eye alterations, abdominal pain, vomiting, anorexia, lung disorders, bleeding in the mouth, pharyngitis, gastroenteritis, nephritis and reproductive disorders. Can J Vet Res. Emerg Infect Dis 12, Clin Microbiol Rev 14, Leptospirosis in dogs and cats on the island of Trinidad: It was first described in Goldstein Prevalence of Leptospira infection and frequently reported serovars in dogs in cross-sectional studies carried out in some countries.

Clinical signs are usually mild or unapparent, despite the presence of leptospiremia and leptospiuria and histological evidence of renal and hepatic lepotspirosis. Wild animal reservoirs and animals with oeptospirosis infection continue to harbor and shed leptospires, therefore, rodent control in shelters, maintenance of environmental conditions to prevent the bacterial survival and isolation of infected animals are important steps to prevent the spread of infection.

Young animals could be more vulnerable to the disease as they are reported to be more seriously affected than adults Bolin They can be classified in 3 groups as follows Cerqueira and Picardeau J Vet Med Sci 71, The prevalence of leptospiral agglutinins in the sera of the domestic cat. Clinical and epidemiological features of canine leptospirosis in North Queensland. It is known that domestic dogs are important reservoirs of infection for humans because they can shed live bacteria in the urine for months cqnina no clinical signs Batista et aland especially in urban areas dogs caanina be considered as an important risk factor for leptospirosis Rodriguez et al Leptospirosis risks during recreational activities.


Diagn Micr Infec Dis doi: However, the extent of human leptospirosis acquired from dogs remains undetermined. Hepatic dysfunction leptospirosie be manifested by increased activities of the enzymes alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and total bilirubin concentration, almost always associated to azotemia. Rapid diagnostic assays must be accurate, user-friendly, relatively inexpensive, easy to interpret and stable under extreme conditions. Survival in the environment is inhibited by contamination with sewage, high acidity and high salinity.

This infection is normally characterised by lrptospirosis presence of a low antibody response, mild acute clinical signs of leptoapirosis and a prolonged kidney carrier state which could be associated with chronic renal disease Bolin Infect Genet Evol 9, Leptospirosis in dogs and cats: Leptospira, the dawn of the molecular genetics for an emerging zoonotic pathogen.

Prevalence of and risk factors for leptospirosis among dogs in the United States and Canada: However, recent serological evidence, demonstrated a change in the predominant serovars implicated in canine infections, for example in USA and Canada Goldstein et al Nationwide survey of Leptospira antibodies in dogs in Japan: Although cwnina reactions may occur in any breed, the prevalence of side-reactions are decreasing and their rate might be similar to those induced by vaccines for other pathogens Sykes et al Moreover, in humans the infection is always incidental.