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Once established, it is able to grow forming dense groundcover on the forest floor preventing the germination and establishment of native plants ISSG, The family Commelinaceae includes 40 genera and species widely distributed in tropical and temperate regions Stevens, Member of this family are herbs with relatively soft and fleshy leaves.
Commelinaceae is a family of plants diverse in both the Old World tropics and the New World tropics, with some genera distributed in both Faden, ; Evans et al. The species within this family exhibit remarkable morphological variation, particularly in floral and inflorescence traits Evans et al.
Studies suggest that this family has radiated extensively in response to non-nectar seeking pollinators with changes in floral symmetry, stamen number, structure, and position, and inflorescence size and arrangement Faden, ; Evans et al.
Many species within this genus are valuable plants used as ornamentals and houseplants. Most of the cultivars commercialized in nurseries and commonly grown in garden are of complex hybrid origin, derived from crosses between natural species Anderson and Hubricht, Erect perennial sub-succulent herb with short stout erect stems up to 20 cm tall, mmorado clustered and forming large colonies.
Leaves imbricate, crowded, linear-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 20 – 35 cm long, mostly 3 – 5 cm broad, acuminate at the apex, scarcely narrowed at base above the sheath, usually dark green above, reddish-purple beneath.
Inflorescences axillary; peduncles 2 – 4. Flowers numerous, small, white, clustered within a folded, boat shaped bract spathe 3 – 4 cm long, short-stalked from leaf axils; petals 3, white, broadly ovate, stamens 6 with hairy filaments.
The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status.
Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Bello reported this species for morao island of Puerto Rico Bello, Croix, Guadeloupe, Martinique, and St. Millspaugh Britton and Milsspaugh, Currently, this species is included in the Florida List of Invasive species as an invasive plant Category II, which are invasive plants that have increased in abundance or frequency but have not yet altered natural plant communities Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, Seeds are dispersed by wind, facilitating long-distance invasions Langeland and Burks, Consequently, the probability of this species invading and colonizing new habitats remains high.
Currently, it can be found growing mirado the understory of coastal forests, shrublands, pinelands, hammocks, secondary forests, cultivated grounds, and disturbed areas from sea level to low elevations.
In maguwy habitats, T. On islands in the Pacific, the species often grows on stone or coral walls and on rocky cliffs Smith, ; PIER, Flowers are visited and pollinated by insects. The reproductive strategy in this species includes both cross-pollination, and self-pollination in the absence of pollinators Zomlefer, It is a heat tolerant species, but it is easily damaged by frost and winter conditions.
It is adapted to grow on a wide range of well-drained soil types including rocky soils, sand, and limestone bedrock Smith, ; ISSG, It does not tolerate water logged soils.
Omrado are moraso by wind, and roots resprout easily when pulled up or broken Morton, ; Richard and Ramey, Damaged plants and plant fragments can also resprout from the roots Langeland and Burks, This species grows in the understory of the forest and once established, it is able to rapidly replace the native vegetation of this forest stratum.
Floridata reports that ecological problems in Florida particularly occur in hardwood hammock forests.
File:Maguey morado (Yucatán).jpg – Wikimedia Commons
The species can be poisonous in large quantities if swallowed. There are also reports of effects on pets, particularly dogs that have developed severe allergies. Ingestion of the plant may cause irritation of the lips, mouth, throat and abdominal pain in animals and humans Morton, Several cultivars are extensively commercialized as ornamentals and houseplants in tropical and temperate regions ISSG, It is used in traditional medicine in Mexico and southeast Asia.
Flowers and leaves are used in traditional medicine to treat cancer, superficial mycoses, coughs, colds, and dysentery Rosales-Reyes et al. Prevention Plant cuttings should not be dumped anywhere as this is a frequent source of new weed infestations.
The origin of new topsoil or fill should be checked as physical transportation of plant segments in soil is a major method of spread ISSG, Plants and smaller patches of T. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies.
Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, Flowering Plants of Jamaica. University of the West Indies, moraso Anderson Norado Hubricht L, The Evidence for Introgressive Hybridization.
File:Maguey morado (Yucatán).jpg
American Journal of Botany, 25 6: Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. University of the West Indies. Charles Darwin Foundation, Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos.
Charles Darwin Foundation, unpaginated. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore. National University of Singapore, Singapore: Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, pp. Flora of the Bahama Archipelago.
Phylogenetic relationships in the Commelinaceae: A cladistic analysis of morphological data. A cladistic analysis of rbcL sequences and morphology. Phytogeography of African Commelinaceae. Floral biology of Commelinaceae. Flora of China Editorial Committee, Flora of China Web. Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae. Golczyk H; Joachimiak A, Karyotype structure and interphase chromatin organization in Rhoeo spathacea Sw.
Invasive plants in Cuba. Plantas Invasoras en Cuba. World Checklist of Commelinaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Checklist of the vascular plants of Pohnpei with local names and uses.
National Tropical Botanical Garden, pp. Santo Domingo de Heredia, Costa Rica: Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, pp.
Tradescantia spathacea/ rhoe discolor o maguey morado. | Le jardin | Pinterest
University of Florida, pp. Flora of the Marquesas Islands. Catalogue of introduced and cultivated plants in New Caledonia. Inventaire preliminaire de la flore vasculaire secondaire [English title not available].
Plants and Lichens of Saba. Plants poisonous to people in Florida and other warm areas. Flora of the Bismarck Archipelago for naturalists. Lae, Papua New Guinea: Office of Forests, Division of Botany, pp. Philippine Medicinal Plants, List of Philippine Herbal Medicinal Plants online resource. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, A Global Compendium of Weeds. Richard A; Ramey V, Aqueous crude extract of Rhoeo discolor, a Mexican medicinal plant, decreases the formation of liver mlrado foci in rats.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 3: Vegetation of Tutuila Island. Ethnobotany of the Samoans. Vegetation of Rose Atoll.